Examining the effect of chain length polydispersity on the phase behavior of polymer solutions with the statistical associating fluid theory (Wertheim TPT1) using discrete and continuous distributions

Abstract : Polymers are naturally polydisperse. Polydispersity may have a large effect on the phase behavior of polymer solutions, in particular, on the liquid-liquid phase equilibria. In this paper, we determine the cloud and shadow curves bounded by lower critical solution temperatures for a number of polymer+solvent systems where the polymer is polydisperse in terms of molecular weight (chain length). The moment method [P. Sollich, P. B. Warren, and M. E. Cates, Adv. Chem. Phys. 116, 265 (2001)] is applied with the SAFT approach to determine cloud and shadow curves with continuous Schulz-Flory distributions. It is seen that chain length polydispersity always enhances the extent of liquid-liquid phase equilibria. The predicted cloud curves obtained for continuous distributions are very similar to those obtained for simple ternary mixtures with the same polydispersity index, while the corresponding shadow curves can be very different depending on the composition of the parent distribution. The ternary phase behavior can be used to provide an understanding of the shape of the cloud and shadow curves. Regions of phase equilibria between three liquid phases are found for ternary systems when the chain length distribution is very asymmetrical; such regions are not observed for Schulz-Flory distributions even in the case of a large degree of polydispersity. © 2007 American Institute of Physics.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2007, 127 (15), 〈10.1063/1.2772600〉
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Soumis le : mardi 30 juillet 2013 - 16:57:51
Dernière modification le : mercredi 29 novembre 2017 - 15:51:34

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Patrice Paricaud, Amparo Galindo, George Jackson. Examining the effect of chain length polydispersity on the phase behavior of polymer solutions with the statistical associating fluid theory (Wertheim TPT1) using discrete and continuous distributions. Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2007, 127 (15), 〈10.1063/1.2772600〉. 〈hal-00848776〉

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